One of the many treatments that help dental patients preserve their decayed or infected teeth is the root canal treatment. This treatment aims to remove the pulp issue from the infected teeth. The procedure followed for this treatment is simple yet effective. This method of treatment is a boon to the dental patients as earlier patients who suffered infections in the teeth were left with no option but to remove the same.
The first step of this treatment is the drilling which enables access to the infected pulp. Once the surface is drilled, the dentist removes the infected pulp tissue and further drills the root canal(s). Post the removal of pulp and drilling of root canal, the infected canal is disinfected using different medicinal oils and other compounds. The dentist uses a standard filling material and puts it in the teeth, followed by sealing of the open surface to avoid leakage. As the teeth remains disconnected with blood supply, the dentist, as a measure to protect the teeth, covers it with a crown.
The standard filling material by dentists is gutta-percha, a non-elastic material found in Palaquium tree. This material is radiopaque, which means that the dentist can check whether the material has filled in all the gaps after the filling is done. However, as this material is does not stick to the root canal, cement like substance is used to keep the filling stuck to the canal.
The treatment takes a lot of time and the patient has to visit the dentist multiple times before the actual treatment is performed, depending on the circumstances and the damage caused to the teeth.
In its initial days, the root canal treatment caused the patients to panic because they felt that undergoing drilling will be a painful procedure, which actually is not because the sensation of pain can be suppressed by performing a local anesthesia prior to treatment. Still, in cases where the tooth is abscessed, the pus can render the anesthetic ineffective due to presence of acidic substances in it. The dentist has to drain out the pus by cutting the abscess which creates pressure and causes pain.
The patient and the dentist both are advised to take all the precautionary measures in a bid to keep the tooth protected from further damage post the treatment. The tooth is devoid of blood supply and the moisture and nourishment that it provides, thus making it more brittle than other teeth. A patient should regularly follow dental care measures and go through regular check-ups to prevent any incident of further damage. Any damage caused to the teeth is not easily detected because it remains disconnected with the nerves, thus eliminating any notion of pain that signals a problem in the normal functioning of teeth.